Kelp Forests and their Interaction with the Carbon and Nitrogen cycles

What will the dynamics and fate of kelp forests be in a changing climate? How can we quantify the services that kelp forests provide?
Canopy kelp species in Washington state include both the bull kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana) and the giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera). It is known that these algae provide habitat for myriad invertebrates and fishes. Less understood is how they interact with seawater  and whether they can locally ameliorate changes to the seawater carbonate cycle. With funding from NOAA Coastal and Ocean Climate Applications, we are investigating these questions off the Washington shore.

Bullman Beach, Washington